A mild case may be treated with behavioral modification. Overview Diagnosis and Tests Management and Treatment. What is insomnia? What causes childhood insomnia?
Too Young to Fall Asleep
There are a number of possible causes of insomnia, including: Stress : Yes, kids, just like adults can suffer from stress. So don't hesitate to show interest in your child's life and build trust so they feel comfortable sharing their worries with you. Ask how things are going at school.
Is your child being bullied by someone? Is everything under your own roof running smoothly ie, is there arguing, fighting between siblings, marital or financial problems; has there been a death in the family, a recent job change; has the family recently moved?
Too Young to Cry it Out?
Children worry more than you might think and excess worry and stress can lead to insomnia. Use of caffeine or other stimulants: Remember even some clear sodas and most energy drinks have caffeine. Nicotine and alcohol interfere with sleep as well.
Side effects of certain medications: For example, drugs used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, antidepressants, corticosteroids, and anticonvulsants can cause insomnia. Medical, psychiatric and other sleep disorders: Uncontrolled nighttime asthma, a stuffy nose from allergies or itchy skin from eczema can get in the way of good sleep.
Head Above Water
If these conditions are chronic, they may be easily ignored until they flare up. Other medical disorders, including fibromyalgia, muscle cramps, growing pains, heartburn, and thyroid disease can all cause insomnia. Be sure to have your child's physical health examined as a possible cause of insomnia. Neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism, mental retardation, and Asperger's syndrome, can also be a cause of insomnia. Finally, psychiatric conditions like depression or bipolar disorder can be associated with poor sleep. Environmental factors: Noise, heat, cold, and light conditions in the bedroom can interfere with sleep.
Make sure the bed and mattress are comfortable and the bedroom is organized to reduce environmental interference. Not wanting to go to bed is common at this age.
Whether you let your child into your bed is your choice, but you should know a few things first. If you give in, it teaches your child that this bad behavior works and makes it more likely that he will continue this behavior. My 4-year-old seems hyperactive, not tired. Is this the sign of a sleep problem? Your child may be cranky, frustrated, over-active and have little control and attention span. All of these behaviors could mean that your child is not getting the quality or amount of sleep he needs. TV helps me fall asleep. So is it OK for my son to fall asleep with the TV or his laptop?
There are several problems with falling asleep with electronics, especially electronics with screens the TV, computer, phone, etc. It is also important for parents to be good role models of healthy sleep habits for their children. My 9-year-old daughter dozes off during the minute car ride to and from school. Is this normal? If your child seems to constantly need more sleep or seems sleepy during the day, you should talk to your pediatrician.
Growing pains usually happen during the night and wake children up with symptoms in their legs. While it is not clear what causes these symptoms, growing pains may be linked with the sleep condition called periodic limb movement disorder. This causes very restless sleep and kicking movements during sleep.
Another cause of leg discomfort can be restless legs syndrome, an urge to move the legs especially at bedtime. How can I help?
Or, he can listen to a relaxation app before turning out the lights. Nightly loud snoring can be a symptom of sleep apnea, especially if it happens along with mouth breathing, noticeable breathing pauses, restless sleep, sweating during sleep, snorting or gasping. If your child snores or has any of these other symptoms, talk to your pediatrician. Your child might benefit from an overnight sleep study to look into the problem. Should I try it with my older child? The melatonin that you can buy at the pharmacy or supermarket is a man-made form of the hormone that our brains naturally make to help us sleep.
Studies show that relatively large doses 3 to 5 mg given 30 minutes before bedtime can help, especially in children with developmental disorders such as ADHD and autism. However, all possible short and long-term side effects of melatonin use in children are not known. The sleep problem is likely to come back once your child stops taking it. My high school junior gets about seven hours of sleep during the week.
Is this enough? Studies suggest that most teens need 8 to 10 hours of sleep a night. Each hour less raises the risk of many long-term health conditions that include. My son stays up late and catches up on sleep over the weekend.
Is this a problem? Sleeping in on weekends until 12 noon or 1 p. Think what it would be like to fly back and forth between Boston to Los Angeles every weekend and expect your body to adjust to that schedule. As a result, they cannot fall asleep until very late and cannot wake up at the right time in the morning, because it feels like the middle of the night.
This can lead to frequently being late or even missing school, and can be a serious problem. Fixing it often involves gradual adjustment of sleep patterns, timed exposure to light and melatonin, which usually requires consultation with a sleep specialist. My teen seems sleepy all the time even after sleeping for 12 hours at night. Should I be concerned? Most teens are sleepy during the day simply because they do not get enough sleep. A very rare but important cause of extreme sleepiness despite getting good quality sleep is a neurological sleep disorder called narcolepsy.
There are special tests that can tell if your child has narcolepsy. A neurologist or sleep specialist should conduct these tests. For Patients. Pediatric Sleep Disorders Center. Contact the Sleep Center Fax Request an Appointment Request a Second Opinion. Sleep Center Frequently Asked Questions. Will it harm my baby to let him cry when he wakes up during the night?
Is co-sleeping dangerous for infants? Sleep in toddlers and preschoolers I've heard that "once a bad sleeper, always a bad sleeper. When should my child stop napping during the day? My child bangs his head on the bed before he falls asleep. Is this harmful? My child sometimes wakes up terrified in the middle of the night and can't be comforted.